1997-98 Pest Management Grant Summaries

Back to 1995-2002 Pest Management Grants Program

Applicants submitted 92 proposals requesting funding under the Department of Pesticide Regulation's (DPR) Pest Management Grants program for FY 1997/1998. The Pest Management Advisory Committee (PMAC) evaluated all complete proposals and by consensus, recommended 30 projects be funded for a total of $745,275. The Director of the Department of Pesticide Regulation approved these recommendations and the funding of these projects.

Agricultural Demonstration Projects

Nonagricultural Demonstration Projects

Agricultural Demonstration Projects

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
Augmentative Biological Control Using Transplants California Department of Food and Agriculture 
Dr. Charles Pickett
Imperial County $21,709

Summary: Silverleaf whitefly is a serious pest infesting spring planted melons in the Imperial Valley.  Early season augmentative releases of parasites (Eretmocerus spp.) on cantaloup transplants can eliminate the need for late season applications of pyrethroids and other broad spectrum insecticides.  This project would evaluate the introduction of parasites on transplants as a more efficient means of introduction.  This type of augmentation would assure immediate distribution throughout the entire field and enhance the regional population of highly effective whitefly parasites important to summer and fall field and vegetable crops.  It may also promote the longevity of whitefly insecticides by reducing their usage.  The project has been rearing Eretmocerus for the last year, gaining experience in their maintenance and propagation.  Arrangements have been made to grow the parasite in both the Sacramento, and the Imperial Valley.  Project data is not yet available.  However, data from a USDA-APHIS funded farm demonstration project in the Imperial Valley, shows high levels of parasitism (60 to 90%) in organic fields and fields treated with AdmireT where parasites were released.

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
Investigation of Augmentation Program for Grape and Longtailed Mealybugs and Classical Biological Control of the Obscure Mealybug University of California, Kearney Agricultural Center 
Dr. Kent Daane
Fresno County $18,795

Summary: The grape mealybug, longtailed mealybug, and obscure mealybug are pests of table, raisin, and wine grapes.  In recent years, there has been an increase in grape mealybug infestations in the Central Valley and a dramatic increase in obscure and longtailed mealybugs in the central coast and Carnerros regions.  Many natural enemy species native to North America attack these mealybug pests.  In fact, grape and longtailed mealybug populations have, in the past, been controlled by resident natural enemies, especially parasitoids.  However, recent surveys indicate that parasitoid activity is often low, varied considerably among vineyard locations, and did not consistently provide adequate control.  Augmentation of natural enemies may increase parasitism levels and reduce the need for insecticide applications.  In Chile, parasitoids are produced in insectaries for inoculative release in vineyards and this control practice has been reported to be effective against the obscure mealybug.  This project is developing similar control programs for grape and longtailed mealybugs in California vineyards.  The objectives are to 1) develop insectary techniques for the mass-production of suitable parasitoids of the grape and longtailed mealybugs, 2) test the effectiveness of inoculative release in field and on-farm trials, and 3) if the tested inoculative release experiments show promise, work with the table and wine grape industries and commercial insectaries to establish cooperative-based insectaries.   Laboratory trials on parasitoid biology have begun, and small-scale release trials, including release of imported natural enemies of the obscure mealybug, will begin in spring 1998.

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
Areawide Management of Codling Moth in Mendocino Orchards: Integrating and Maintaining Benefits of Selective Control of Secondary Pests University of California Cooperative Extension, Sonoma County 
Dr. Lucia Varela
Mendocino County $20,544

Summary: Mating disruption is being implemented in large-scale plots providing an ecologically sustainable pest management program for California pears.  The program minimizes the need for pesticide intervention by emphasizing biologically intensive and more selective alternatives.  An implementation program was started 1996 in Mendocino County to facilitate and broaden the adoption of codling moth mating disruption.  A barrier to implementation is the high cost of the pheromone dispensers.  Overall costs to growers can be reduced by reducing pesticides used for secondary pests.  Secondary pest outbreaks are associated with the use of broad-spectrum pesticides.  Reducing the use of these pesticides could reduce outbreaks and costs.  This project is studying the benefits of reduced organophosphate use allowing natural control of spider mites by their predatory mite complex, and examining the benefits of implementing mating disruption on an areawide basis for promoting more effective biological control of spider mites.  The project is also studying the susceptibility of spider mites to the acaricides currently registered in pears, in an effort to implement a resistance management program to preserve the use of "softer" acaricides such as abamectin, a microbial by-product.

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
Development of a Reduced-Risk Pest Control Program in Ornamental Horticulture University of California, Davis 
Dr. Michael Parrella
Del Norte and Humboldt Counties $30,000

Summary: Effective Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs for ornamental crops have yet to be fully implemented.  This is in part because of the perception that high value ornamental crops have such a low tolerance for feeding injury, IPM tactics are not practical.  Efforts to reduce over reliance on conventional pesticides to prevent arthropod damage have focused on the adoption of alternative tactics such as the use of biological and cultural controls and host plant resistance.  Although some progress has been made toward implementing IPM, repeated use of conventional pesticides is still the primary means of pest control.  This project is evaluating and implementing a reduced-risk integrated pest management system for fresh-cut lilies.  Project work involves the use of predators and parasites with entomopathogenic fungi as the primary pest control tactics, along with a reduced-risk biochemical pesticide as a supplemental measure.  Preliminary trials have thus far been encouraging.  Under high aphid pressure, the fungi significantly reduced aphid numbers while leaving no significant impact on parasitoid populations.  If successful, this program could substantially reduce reliance on conventional pesticides; thereby reducing threats to human health and the environment.  In addition, successful implementation could provide a model for adoption of similar tactics in other agricultural and nonagricultural systems.

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
Biologically Integrated Strawberry Systems (BISS) in Fresno Larry Whitted & Associates (formerly Carmean Consulting) 
Larry Whitted
Fresno County $29,160

Summary: BISS is working to refine and demonstrate environmentally sound and profitable strawberry production by Southeast Asian growers in the San Joaquin Valley.  The project advisory team works with Southeast Asian growers that are interested in learning about integrated pest management.  In the process, team members are breaking down barriers to learning by developing a greater understanding of the  growers language and cultural differences.  The advisory team consists of a UC farm advisor, a PCA, a conservationist, a rural sociologist, and a local grower.  The team works directly with participating growers to discuss their concerns and provide training.  For example the team has taught growers proper pest and beneficial identification and monitoring techniques, which are then applied in the field.  All acreage in the BISS project is monitored for pest problems as well as beneficials such as predatory mites.  Growers and advisory team members meet at regular breakfast meetings to discuss monitoring results, and other concerns.  Work is progressing towards compiling a grower database, and developing bilingual fact sheets on insect/disease controls.

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
IPM Reference Field Monitoring (RFM) for Processing Tomatoes and Annual Row Crops Bio-Integral Resource Center 
William Olkowski
Yolo County $30,000

Summary: BIRC's "Reference Field Monitoring" (RFM) project is designed so growers can make decisions about pesticide use based on actual pest and natural enemy prevalence with the overall objective to reduce pesticide reliance.  Demonstration work is progressing towards development of a practical, cost-effective IPM program to reduce pesticide use throughout the processing tomato industry in the Sacramento Valley without intolerable economic loss to growers.  Highlights from the 1997 season for processing tomatoes include:  1) increased interest from growers and their pest control advisors; 2) increased grower interest in using new alternative pest control products; 3) use of "tiered" action levels tied to specific treatments i.e., early beneficial release, treatment with least toxic chemicals to preserve natural enemies, and conventional chemical treatments as a last resort; 4) inclusion of natural enemy counts in decision-making; and 5) integration of beneficial insect releases into the program.  Although some growers dropped from the project, others were added, with about 3,000 acres being scouted.  Information is supplied to growers through a weekly project newsletter.

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
Central Coast Winegrape Grower Natural Vineyard Team's Positive Points System for Integrated Vineyard Management Central Coast Natural Vineyard Team 
Craig Rous
Monterey, Santa Barbara, and San Luis Obispo Counties $28,000

Summary: The Central Coast Natural Vineyard Team has developed a vineyard Positive Points System (PPS), to encourage growers to farm winegrapes in a more natural, environment-enhancing way.  The team has surveyed participating grower's vineyards in Monterey, Santa Barbara, and San Luis Obispo Counties, to establish the validity of using the PPS as a way of identifying growers who use IPM techniques, and which specific practices are in use.  This data will serve as a benchmark to compare future progress in environmental enhancement. The PPS is also being introduced to other growers and wineries both inside and outside the Central Coast region through workshops and seminars.  Information presented explains the results of the initial survey, documents how the protocol would be implemented, and, finally, outlines the team's plan for the next few years.  Major components of that plan are to establish lighthouse vineyards to measure the effectiveness of the PPS in reducing pesticide usage; closely measure the economic impact of IPM practices; educate growers about IPM techniques; look for incentives that will encourage other growers to use reduced-risk practices; and, finally, to inform consumers and the press about winegrape growers' progress in enhancing the environment.

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
Biological Prune Systems (BPS) for the Upper Sacramento Valley The Nature Conservancy 
Fred Thomas
Butte, Tehama, and Glenn Counties $30,000

Summary: The Nature Conservancy (TNC) is furthering the implementation of Biological Prune Systems (BPS) in the Upper Sacramento Valley.  The BPS project is designed to assist neighboring growers along the Sacramento River in replacing agricultural chemicals, particularly dormant organophosphate sprays, with functional farm biology.  The Conservancy's program is encouraging farmers to do this by providing them with information and technical support.  The BPS project is modeled after the Biologically Integrated Orchard Systems (BIOS) for almonds developed for Merced and Stanislaus counties.  Participating BPS growers, with help from the project management team, have been able to reduce dormant organophosphate spray applications by 75%, by switching to dormant oil sprays and by using softer in-season Bt sprays.  Other practices to enhance biodiversity include planting covercrops and hedgerows, and maintaining vegetative border strips.  This continuing project is building on the program, relationships, and research work of TNC's existing Sacramento River Project, developed several years ago to protect and restore biological diversity within the Sacramento River riparian corridor.  The BPS project has gained the active support of the California Prune Board and local growers.

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
Management of Riparian Woodlands for Control of Pierce's Disease in Coastal California University of California, Berkeley 
Dr. Alexander Purcell
Napa County $20,349

Summary: Pierce's disease (PD) is a lethal bacterial disease of grapevines that is spread chiefly in coastal California vineyards by a leafhopper, the blue-green sharpshooter (BGSS), and has been increasing sharply in Mendocino, Napa, Sonoma, and Santa Cruz counties.  Riparian vegetation along streams provides the main breeding habitat for BGSS and a reservoir for the causal bacterium.    Riparian habitats are increasingly being recognized as critical to biotic diversity, water quality, and other environmental concerns. This project is designed to manage riparian vegetation, replacing plants that are key breeding hosts of BGSS and systemic hosts of the PD bacterium.  Buffer strips of conifers between riparian communities and vineyards are also planted to reduce sharpshooter movements into vineyards.  Both methods are being conducted to simultaneously enhance useful environmental impacts of riparian vegetation while reducing pesticide use and improving disease control.  Project results to date have been very encouraging.  Vegetation removal and replanting has drastically reduced BGSS activity at one experimental site (97 to >99%) and substantially (>75%) at another site.  In addition, other researchers have begun studies of the effects of experimental plant management on wildlife.

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
Biologically Integrated Vineyard Systems (BIVS) in the Central San Joaquin Valley University of California Cooperative Extension, Fresno County 
Dr. Michael Costello
Fresno County $30,000

Summary: This project has initiated a "biologically integrated vineyard systems" (BIVS) approach in the central San Joaquin Valley to encourage implementation of reduced-risk production systems.  The BIVS approach is based on the Biologically Integrated Orchard Systems (BIOS) model developed in almond orchards in Merced County.  The project has five main objectives:  1) establish a support network for grower participants; 2) establish an advisory team to help guide the grower participants; 3) establish a set of guidelines and goals for each grower participant; 4) monitor BIVS acreage for pests, natural enemies, yields, and quality; and 5) demonstrate BIVS systems through field days.  The project has made progress in each objective.  At present, the BIVS group consists of 23 grower participants using various IPM and alternative cultural pest management practices.  For example, 60% of BIVS growers are using covercrops and/or compost to help boost vine tolerance to spider mites, 53% were able to skip mite sprays because of intensive monitoring, 13% used horticultural oil in place of propargite, 48% used cultivation in place of preemergent herbicides, 13% used only contact herbicides, and 22% used reduced rates of preemergent herbicides for weed control.   Each BIVS grower meets with the advisory team and establishes a set of goals.  Growers meet monthly to exchange ideas and discuss current vineyard management practices.  Additional information is shared with other growers at project sponsored, hands-on, field days.

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
Controlling Coyote Predation on Sheep in California: A Model Strategy University of California, Hopland Research & Extension Center 
Dr. Robert Timm
Mendocino County $30,000

Summary: The loss of lambs and adult sheep from coyote predation is a problem in many localities throughout the state.  This project will continue to refine and demonstrate an integrated strategy of coyote damage control at the UC Hopland Research & Extension Center utilizing the Livestock Protection (LP) Collar, the most selective device known for removing killer coyotes.  The project is also evaluating nonlethal control practices including deployment of llamas as guard animals, fencing and sheep husbandry techniques.  Radio-tracking of coyotes at the center helps to define animals which become killers and should provide new information useful in refining IPM strategy.   The information gained is assisting in making current and future use by USDA-APHIS Animal Damage Control (ADC) specialists more effective.  Training sessions for ADC specialists and ranchers in the proper use of the collar are being held in the North Coast area of California.  Additionally, information gained from this project has been incorporated into training curriculum.   Llamas are being evaluated as a means of deterring coyote attacks or directing attacks toward "target" flocks equipped with LP collars.  Initial field results indicate that llamas may play a role in reducing coyote predation on lambs in the same pasture with the llamas.  The field research at Hopland is utilizing an established advisory committee of key individuals primarily from Sonoma and Mendocino Counties, which includes a selected group of woolgrowers.  The project is working closely with these producers to tailor IPM strategies for their individual operations.

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
Integrated Management of Soil Borne Diseases and Aphid Transmitted Viruses in California Vegetable Crops -- An On-Farm Demonstration University of California, Kearney Agricultural Center 
Dr. Charles Summers and 
Dr. Jim Stapleton
Fresno County $29,992

Summary: It is currently nearly impossible to grow fall vegetable crops such as squash, melons, and tomatoes in the San Joaquin Valley due to severe virus disease problems.  Insecticides are used extensively in an attempt to control the aphids that transmit these viruses, but with little success.  This project has developed a management strategy for aphids and the viruses they vector using reflective polyethylene mulches.  Work conducted includes:  1) on-farm demonstrations of the efficacy of reflective mulches in repelling aphids and reducing the incidence of virus diseases in squash, cucumbers, and pumpkins; 2) evaluation of the effectiveness of these mulches in repelling silverleaf whitefly in the Woodlake district of Tulare county, which characteristically has the highest fall whitefly populations in the Valley; and 3) evaluation of the efficacy of these mulches on cole crops in eastern Tulare county, where 8 to 10 sprays per year are used to control silverleaf whitefly.  Due to its success, the scope of the project will be expanded to include additional grower cooperators in the Sacramento Valley, the Delta Region, the Central Coast, and the Southern San Joaquin Valley. Additional research will be focused on evaluating new plastic mulches which should enhance weed control--one type has black backing and another screens out PAR light.  On- farm demonstrations will also be conducted in conjunction with the ongoing Biologically Integrated Farming Systems (BIFS) project and utilize many of the BIFS project growers.

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
Establishment of Effective Natural Enemies of Vine Mealybug -- A Basis for a Stable Grape IPM Program University of California, Riverside 
Dr. Dan Gonzales
Riverside County $24,890

Summary: The objective of this project is to develop a long-term, stable grape pest management program in the Coachella Valley.  Management and coordination of the program is accomplished through an IPM innovator program where growers are an integral part of a decision-management system.  Technical advisors include University researchers and extension farm advisors, California Department of Food and Agriculture personnel, Riverside County personnel, and pest control advisors.  The project is based on the establishment and periodic augmentation of effective parasites of mealybugs to reduce chemical treatments.  A total of more than 180,000 mealybug parasites from 3 species were released during 1997.  In field trials, positive results were obtained throughout the test period.  This indicates that all the parasites were able to locate and parasitize mealybugs.  Ant control is also being evaluated using different baits.  Ants have a tendency to "farm" and protect mealybugs for their honeydew, a food source.    The project is looking at parasite releases, ant control using baits, and fruit wash at harvest as reduced-risk alternatives to the more intense insecticide treatments.  The effectiveness of this reduced-risk program will be evaluated by comparing fruit yield and quality at harvest with the more conventional chemical pest control program.

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
BASIC (Biological Agriculture Systems in Cotton): A Cotton Pest Management Innovators Group in the Northern San Joaquin Valley University of California, Santa Cruz 
Dr. Sean Swezey
Madera and Stanislaus Counties $30,000

Summary: The BASIC Pest Management Innovators Work Group in cotton was formed in 1995 to test and disseminate innovative ideas in cotton pesticide use reduction.  An organized member outreach program employs the collaboration of cotton farmers, pest control advisors, agronomists, and UC farm advisors and researchers.  The work group is documenting the efficacy and suitability of BASIC insect and weed management options in cotton production by testing and monitoring techniques that significantly reduce or eliminate chemical use. Techniques include biologically-based management of arthropod pests and nonchemical weed control options.  The group has not yet completed replicated field experiments on the different options except for flame weeding.  Even though not all objectives have been met, the group has gathered an impressive amount of information.  During the 1998 production season the group plans auxiliary experiments examining pest dynamics in response to trap plant cropping and predator release, and evaluations of  new innovative weed control methods.  The groups biologically-based pest management work is being conducted primarily in cotton in the northern San Joaquin Valley.  This work group is serving as a model for organizing similar cotton work groups in the southern San Joaquin Valley cotton regions.

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
Hedgerows: Turning Farm Waste Areas into Active IPM Life Cycles Yolo County Resource Conservation District 
John Anderson
Yolo County $30,000

Summary: The Yolo County Resource Conservation District (RCD) has developed a coalition of farmers, farm advisors, industry, and agency representatives to demonstrate and monitor hedgerows as a reduced-risk, sustainable integrated pest management (IPM) system.  The project is demonstrating the principals of hedgerows to the agricultural community, and providing the large-scale replication that so far has been lacking.   Perennial vegetation systems have been established by planting berms, borders, equipment yard perimeters, and roadside corridors with native grasses, shrubs, and trees.  The effort is resolving both real and perceived IPM issues through education and visible evidence.  Outreach includes formal and informal workshops, newsletters, media coverage, group presentations, and farm tours.  This successful project has accomplished the following objectives: 1) created a set of replicated, sustainable, multi-species hedgerow systems, in a variety of field crops and locations, to demonstrate reduction of pesticide use and lowered costs; 2) educating the public about hedgerow composition and maintenance, individual plant type characteristics to foster predators, sight recognition of beneficial insects, and on-site pest management analyses that impact when, if, and how to use chemical spraying; 3) established hedgerows as a credible IPM component by monitoring pest and predator species use; 4) made hedgerows models for an extended outreach program to additional farm advisors, PCAs, researchers, developers and the public.

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
Revegetation for Weed and Pest Control M.H. Wolfe & Associates/Friant Water Users Authority 
Marcia Wolfe
Kern and Tulare Counties $30,000

Summary: The Friant Water Users Authority (FWUA), representing over 12,000 growers, has formed an alliance with the California Department of Fish and Game, Tulare County Farm Bureau, University of California Cooperative Extension, and the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, to evaluate and implement the use of revegetation of canal rights-of-way and adjacent lands, to stabilize canal banks and levees and reduce herbicide and pesticide use.  The project goals include an evaluation of vegetation species and establishment methods, a cost-benefit determination, and evaluation of the impacts of revegetation on ground squirrel densities, noxious weeds, and on pest and beneficial insects.  Qualitative and quantitative evaluations of new test plots have been conducted and data is being analyzed.  Successfully seeded mixes have established to the extent that weed control is not necessary within certain test plots, and ground squirrel burrow densities remain low.  Work is continuing, evaluating species establishment and looking at new species, in an effort to develop better and more successful mixes of seeds.  The positive impacts of the project appear to be beginning to "take hold" at a grassroots level.  Several water districts and growers have expressed interest in developing similar demonstration projects.

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
Training Scouts and Developing Demonstration Sites to Promote Floriculture IPM Programs University of California Cooperative Extension, Ventura County 
Julie Newman
San Diego, Ventura, Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz, and San Mateo Counties $15,600

Summary: This monitoring program will provide early detection of pest problems and proper timing of appropriate control measures to reduce pesticide usage.  The backbone of a good IPM program is the scout.  A formal IPM scouting program can be a cost effective means for producing high quality crops while effectively managing pests during all phases of production.  This new project is not limited to one or two floriculture crops.  Over 20 plant species including cut flowers, potted flowering plants, foliage plants, bedding plants, and flower seed crops in green house and field situations have already been evaluated.  The project is intended to expand the scope of earlier floriculture crop studies by incorporating biological control, and monitoring for tospoviruses.  Additional objectives include the extension of information learned from the project and extension of information pertaining to the training of scouts.

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
A Demonstration of Refined Pest Management Strategies for Rice Water Weevil in California University of California, Davis 
Dr. Larry Godfrey
Sutter, Butte, Colusa, and Placer Counties $30,000

Summary: The rice water weevil is the most important insect pest of California rice.  Larval feeding on rice plant roots can decrease grain yield by 10-30%.  Since the 1970's, pre-plant, incorporated applications of carbofuran have been used to manage this pest.  Due to a phase-out of the product, it is unlikely that carbofuran will be available for use in the future.  In limited trials, three alternative materials have been proven effective and are in the California registration process.  These products are proposed as post-flood treatments which are more compatible with IPM strategies, since infestation severity can be assessed before application.  Carbofuran treatments are generally made within 30 feet of each basin adjacent to the levees.  These border treatments are effective because in California rice, water weevil infestations are concentrated along the levees.  The new insecticidal products may not be as effective as border treatments, and it may be necessary to treat the entire basins.  This project will investigate the effectiveness of post-flood border treatments with two of these new products.  In addition, the project proposes to demonstrate, in grower fields across a wide area, the efficacy of a new cultural control technique that has been proven effective in small field studies.

Nonagricultural Demonstration Projects

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
Implementation of Integrated Pest Management for the Elm Leaf Beetle, Xanthogaleruca luteola (Chrysomelidae: Coloptera), in a Large Urban Area (Sacramento) University of California, Berkeley 
Donald Dahlsten
Sacramento County $30,000

Summary: Elm leaf beetle (ELB) is one of the major urban insect pests in California. In Sacramento, ELB has sometimes defoliated elm trees by mid-summer, motivating the City to spend over $300,000 annually for pest control. The project seeks a reduced-risk approach to pest management of ELB, saving both time and money while finding the most effective way to manage large beetle populations. The project's major objectives are to: (1) transfer developed monitoring methods to ensure that treatment is based on insect abundance rather than on the calendar; (2) develop methods of detecting ELB hot spots using community-based monitoring groups combined with monitoring by City staff; and (3) test the effectiveness of various reduced-risk practices, including (a) natural enemies, (b) a microbial spray, and (c) injectable, reduced-risk pesticides (avermectin and imidacloprid). In its third year, the project has taught staff from  Sacramento Tree Services and the Sacramento Tree Foundation how to monitor for beetle eggs and larvae. Over 200 volunteers have been taught to monitor for ELB hot spots. In addition, researchers have noted some parasitization from introduced natural enemies, and have found that avermectin and imidacloprid keep beetle-feeding damage below critical thresholds.

Project Title  Applicant Location Budget
The San Francisco Green Gardening Educator Training Program City and County of San Francisco, Public Utilities Commission 
Paula Kehoe
San Francisco County $20,000

Summary: The San Francisco Green Gardening Educator Training Program (GGETP) provides an innovative approach to urban environmental education through teaching about integrated pest management (IPM) and the larger environmental and health consequences of pesticide use. Through a 16-week training program, 18-21 program participants learn appropriate community-outreach strategies and green-gardening techniques.  Once trained, program participants serve as innovator groups by conducting a 60-hour community outreach project, teaching green gardening and IPM practices to local schools, community groups, and home gardeners. Over 1,000 hours of community service will be generated. The GGETP is designed as an ongoing community outreach program.